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  • Colon
    Cancer
    Most colon cancers develop from polyps protruding
    from the mucosa that occupy the inner surface of the intestine.
  • Early
    Diagnosis
    The course of colon cancer lasts 5-10 years.
Colon cancer

Most colon cancers develop from polyps protruding from the mucosa that occupy the inner surface of the intestine. These polyps are common, especially over the age of 50 years.

Risk Factors

The exact cause of colorectal cancer is unknown. There are some risk factors for colorectal cancer. Age, Polyps, Family history of colorectal cancer, Genetic disorders.

Treatment

Treatment is surgery. Preoperative diet is given, Mechanical cleaning is applied to the colon and protective antibiotics are used during surgery.

Symptomss

Diarrhea, constipation, non-complete emptying feeling in the intestine. The most common finding in the tumors of the rectum is blood contamination with ferces.

It is among the 5 most common cancer

Most colon cancers develop from polyps protruding from the mucosa that occupy the inner surface of the intestine.

These polyps are common, especially over the age of 50 years. While most polyps are benign, adenomatous type polyps may be transformed into cancer over time.Once colorectal cancer develops, these cells can sometimes spread out of the large intestine.

In the case of such a spread, the cancer cells first settle into the lymph nodes close to the large intestine, where they can metastasize to other lymph nodes and organs. Colorectal cancer cells are usually known to metastasize to the liver.

  • According to the statistics of the Ministry of Health, it is among the 5 most common cancer.
  • Although they can be seen at any age, they are most frequently observed after 50 years of age
  • Average seen age 63
  • There is not much difference between men and women in terms of frequency of vision.
"These polyps are common, especially over the age of 50 years. "

Average seen age 63. The course of colon cancer lasts 5-10 years. Treatment is surgery.

The course of colon cancer lasts 5-10 years.
  • Complete blood count
  • Fecal occult blood test
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Tomography
  • Virtual Colonoscopy
  • Colonoscopy is used.
  • Colonoscopy is accepted as the gold standard from these diagnostic methods. All colon scan is performed. During screening, it is determined whether the polyps return to benign or cancerous polyps. This helps in early diagnosis.
The exact cause of colorectal cancer is unknown. There are some risk factors for colorectal cancer:
  • Age: Colorectal cancer is usually seen in the elderly. 90% of patients are diagnosed after 50 years of age. The mean age is 60 years.
  • Polyps: Polyp is a benign tumor. They originate from the inner wall of the colon or rectum. It is common in people over the age of 50. Some polyps (adenomas) can become cancerous. In this case, due to the risk of cancer, the polyp should be removed and checked at regular intervals. Early diagnosis and removal of polyps reduces the risk of colorectal cancer.
  • Family history of colorectal cancer
  • Genetic disorders: Changes in certain genes increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) is the most common type of hereditary (genetic) colorectal cancer. It is caused by changes in the HNPCC gene.
  • Blood in the feces (bright or dark red)
  • Thinner feces than usual
  • General abdominal discomfort (gas, cramps, bloating)
  • Weight loss without a known cause
  • Diarrhea, constipation, non-complete emptying feeling in the intestine
  • Continuous fatigue
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • The most common finding in the tumors of the rectum is blood contamination with ferces. One of the cases to be considered here is that in the disease called hemorrhoids, blood is observed in the stool and the person can mix this condition and delay the diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment is surgery. Preoperative diet is given, Mechanical cleaning is applied to the colon and protective antibiotics are used during surgery.

In the operation, the relevant colon section is removed together with the lymphatics of this section, taking in consideration the the feeding blood vessels and the remaining ends are sutured to each other. Briefly or permanently, the colon can be mouthed to the abdomen (colostomy). According to the location of the tumor:

  • Right hemicolectomy
  • Left hemicolectomy
  • Left partial colectomy
  • Sigmoid colectomy
  • Subtotal colectomy (total abdominal colectomy)
  • Total colectomy is the applied surgical procedure.
  • Laparoscopic (closed) surgeries are performed safely in colon surgery and less trauma to the patient, cosmetic results are good and recovery is fast. The location of the tumor, its prevalence and the possibilities of the center will be the determinants of this method.